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Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills

§117.62. Music, Level III.

(a) General requirements.

Students may fulfill fine arts and elective requirements for graduation by successfully completing one or more of the following music courses: Band III, Choir III, Orchestra III, Jazz Band III, Instrumental Ensemble III, Vocal Ensemble III, the College Board Advanced Placement (AP) Music Theory, International Baccalaureate (IB) Music SL, IB Music HL (one credit per course). The prerequisite for IB Music SL and IB Music HL is one credit of any Music II course. The prerequisite for all other Level III music courses is one credit of Music II in the corresponding discipline.

(b) Introduction.

(1) Four basic strands--perception, creative expression/performance, historical and cultural heritage, and critical evaluation--provide broad, unifying structures for organizing the knowledge and skills students are expected to acquire. In music, students develop their intellect and refine their emotions, understanding the cultural and creative nature of musical artistry and making connections among music, the other arts, technology, and other aspects of social life. Through creative performance, students apply the expressive technical skills of music and critical- thinking skills to evaluate multiple forms of problem solving.

(2) By reflecting on musical periods and styles, students understand music's role in history and are able to participate successfully in a diverse society. Students analyze and evaluate music, developing criteria for making critical judgments and informed choices.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) Perception.

The student describes and analyzes musical sound and demonstrates musical artistry.

The student is expected to:

(A) perform appropriate literature expressively;

(B) define musical performances, intervals, music notation, chord structure, rhythm/meter, and harmonic texture, using standard terminology; and

(C) identify music forms of performance and listening repertoire.

(2) Creative expression/performance.

The student sings or plays an instrument, individually and in groups, performing a varied repertoire of music.

The student is expected to:

(A) exhibit accurate intonation and rhythm, fundamental skills, and advanced techniques, using literature ranging from moderately difficult to difficult, while performing independently and in ensemble;

(B) demonstrate comprehension of musical styles by seeking appropriate literature for performance;

(C) perform expressively, from memory and notation, a varied repertoire of music representing styles from diverse cultures; and

(D) exhibit, describe, and critique small- and large-ensemble performance techniques experienced and observed during formal and informal concerts.

(3) Creative expression/performance.

The student reads and writes music notation.

The student is expected to:

(A) sight-read major, minor, modal, and chromatic melodies;

(B) read and write music that incorporates complex rhythmic patterns in simple, compound, and asymmetric meters; and

(C) interpret music symbols and terms referring to dynamics, tempo, and articulation when performing.

(4) Creative expression/performance.

The student creates and arranges music within specified guidelines.

The student is expected to:

(A) improvise musical melodies; and

(B) compose or arrange segments of vocal or instrumental pieces (manuscript or computer- generated).

(5) Historical/cultural heritage.

The student relates music to history, to society, and to culture.

The student is expected to:

(A) classify by style and by historical period or culture representative examples of music, justifying the classifications;

(B) identify and describe the effects of society, culture, and technology on music;

(C) identify and describe music-related career options including musical performance and music teaching; and

(D) define the relationships between the content, the concepts, and the processes of the other fine arts, other subjects, and those of music.

(6) Response/evaluation.

The student responds to and evaluates music and musical performance.

The student is expected to:

(A) evaluate musical performances by comparing them to similar or exemplary models and offering constructive suggestions for improvement; and

(B) exhibit informed concert etiquette during live performances in a variety of settings.