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Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills

§117.3. Music, Kindergarten.

(a) Introduction.

(1) Four basic strands--perception, creative expression/performance, historical and cultural heritage, and critical evaluation--provide broad, unifying structures for organizing the knowledge and skills students are expected to acquire. In music, students develop their intellect and refine their emotions, understanding the cultural and creative nature of musical artistry and making connections among music, the other arts, technology, and other aspects of social life. Through creative performance, students apply the expressive technical skills of music and critical- thinking skills to evaluate multiple forms of problem solving.

(2) By reflecting on musical periods and styles, students understand music's role in history and are able to participate successfully in a diverse society. Students analyze and evaluate music, developing criteria for making critical judgments and informed choices.

(b) Knowledge and skills.

(K.1) Perception.

The student describes and analyzes musical sound and demonstrates musical artistry.

The student is expected to:

(A) identify the difference between the singing and speaking voice; and

(B) identify the timbre of adult voices and instruments.

(K.2) Creative expression/performance.

The student performs a varied repertoire of music.

The student is expected to:

(A) sing or play classroom instruments independently or in a group; and

(B) sing songs from diverse cultures and styles or play such songs on musical instruments.

(K.3) Historical/cultural heritage.

The student relates music to history, to society, and to culture.

The student is expected to:

(A) sing songs and play musical games from different cultures; and

(B) identify simple relationships between music and other subjects.

(K.4) Response/evaluation.

The student responds to and evaluates music and musical performance.

The student is expected to:

(A) identify steady beat in musical performances; and

(B) identify higher/lower, louder/softer, faster/slower, and same/different in musical performances.