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Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills

§117.15. Music, Grade 4.

(a) Introduction.

(1) Four basic strands--perception, creative expression/performance, historical and cultural heritage, and critical evaluation--provide broad, unifying structures for organizing the knowledge and skills students are expected to acquire. In music, students develop their intellect and refine their emotions, understanding the cultural and creative nature of musical artistry and making connections among music, the other arts, technology, and other aspects of social life. Through creative performance, students apply the expressive technical skills of music and critical- thinking skills to evaluate multiple forms of problem solving.

(2) By reflecting on musical periods and styles, students understand music's role in history and are able to participate successfully in a diverse society. Students analyze and evaluate music, developing criteria for making critical judgments and informed choices.

(b) Knowledge and skills.

(4.1) Perception.

The student describes and analyzes musical sound and demonstrates musical artistry.

The student is expected to:

(A) categorize a variety of musical sounds, including children's and adults' voices; woodwind, brass, string, percussion, keyboard, and electronic instruments; and instruments of various cultures;

(B) use standard terminology in explaining music, music notation, musical instruments and voices, and musical performances; and

(C) identify music forms presented aurally such as AB, ABA, and rondo.

(4.2) Creative expression/performance.

The student performs a varied repertoire of music.

The student is expected to:

(A) sing or play a classroom instrument independently or in groups; and

(B) sing songs from diverse cultures and styles or play such songs on a musical instrument.

(4.3) Creative expression/performance.

The student reads and writes music notation.

The student is expected to:

(A) read and write music notation, using a system (letters, numbers, syllables);

(B) incorporate basic rhythmic patterns in simple meters in musical compositions; and

(C) identify music symbols and terms referring to dynamics and tempo, interpreting them appropriately when performing.

(4.4) Creative expression/performance.

The student creates and arranges music within specified guidelines.

The student is expected to:

(A) create rhythmic and melodic phrases; and

(B) create simple accompaniments

(4.5) Historical/cultural heritage.

The student relates music to history, to society, and to culture.

The student is expected to:

(A) identify aurally-presented excerpts of music representing diverse genres, styles, periods, and cultures;

(B) perform music and movement from diverse cultures;

(C) perform music representative of American and Texas heritage; and

(D) identify connections between music and the other fine arts.

(4.6) Response/evaluation.

The student responds to and evaluates music and musical performance.

The student is expected to:

(A) apply basic criteria in evaluating musical performances and compositions;

(B) justify, using music terminology, personal preferences for specific music works and styles; and

(C) practice concert etiquette as an actively involved listener during live performances.