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Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills

§117.6. Music, Grade 1.

(a) Introduction.

(1) Four basic strands--perception, creative expression/performance, historical and cultural heritage, and critical evaluation--provide broad, unifying structures for organizing the knowledge and skills students are expected to acquire. In music, students develop their intellect and refine their emotions, understanding the cultural and creative nature of musical artistry and making connections among music, the other arts, technology, and other aspects of social life. Through creative performance, students apply the expressive technical skills of music and critical- thinking skills to evaluate multiple forms of problem solving.

(2) By reflecting on musical periods and styles, students understand music's role in history and are able to participate successfully in a diverse society. Students analyze and evaluate music, developing criteria for making critical judgments and informed choices.

(b) Knowledge and skills.

(1.1) Perception.

The student describes and analyzes musical sound and demonstrates musical artistry.

The student is expected to:

(A) identify voices and selected instruments from various musical families;

(B) use basic music terminology in describing musical sounds; and

(C) identify repetition and contrast in music examples.

(1.2) Creative expression/performance.

The student performs a varied repertoire of music.

The student is expected to:

(A) sing or play a classroom instrument independently or in groups; and

(B) sing songs from diverse cultures and styles or play such songs on a musical instrument.

(1.3) Creative expression/performance.

The student reads and writes music notation.

The student is expected to:

(A) read simple examples of music notation; and

(B) write simple examples of music notation.

(1.4) Creative expression/performance.

The student creates and arranges music within specified guidelines.

The student is expected to:

(A) create short rhythmic patterns; and

(B) create short melodic patterns.

(1.5) Historical/cultural heritage.

The student relates music to history, to society, and to culture.

The student is expected to:

(A) sing songs and play musical games from diverse cultures; and

(B) identify simple relationships between music and other subjects.

(1.6) Response/evaluation.

The student responds to and evaluates music and musical performance.

The student is expected to:

(A) distinguish between beat/rhythm, higher/lower, louder/softer, faster/slower, and same/different in musical performances; and

(B) begin to practice appropriate audience behavior during live performances.