Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills

§117.60. Music, Level I.

(a) General requirements. Students may fulfill fine arts and elective requirements for graduation by successfully completing one or more of the following music courses: Band I, Choir I, Orchestra I, Jazz Band I, Instrumental Ensemble I, Vocal Ensemble I, Music History I, Music Theory I, Applied Music I (one credit per course).

(b) Introduction.

(1) Four basic strands–perception, creative expression/performance, historical and cultural heritage, and critical evaluation–provide broad, unifying structures for organizing the knowledge and skills students are expected to acquire. In music, students develop their intellect and refine their emotions, understanding the cultural and creative nature of musical artistry and making connections among music, the other arts, technology, and other aspects of social life. Through creative performance, students apply the expressive technical skills of music and critical- thinking skills to evaluate multiple forms of problem solving.

(2) By reflecting on musical periods and styles, students understand music’s role in history and are able to participate successfully in a diverse society. Students analyze and evaluate music, developing criteria for making critical judgments and informed choices.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) Perception.

The student describes and analyzes musical sound and demonstrates musical artistry.

The student is expected to:

A) identify melodic and harmonic parts when listening to and/or performing music;

(B) define concepts of intervals, music notation, chord structure, rhythm/meter, and musical performances using standard terminology; and

(C) compare and contrast elements of music through literature selected for performance and/or listening.

(2) Creative expression/performance.

The student sings or plays an instrument, individually and in groups, performing a varied repertoire of music.

The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate independently and in ensembles accurate intonation and rhythm, fundamental skills, and basic performance techniques while performing moderately easy to moderately difficult literature;

(B) perform expressively, from memory and notation, a varied repertoire of music representing styles from diverse cultures; and

(C) exhibit and explain appropriate small- and large-ensemble performance techniques for formal and informal concerts.

(3) Creative expression/performance.

The student reads and writes music notation.

The student is expected to:

(A) sight-read ensemble parts;

(B) read and write music that incorporates rhythmic patterns in simple, compound, and asymmetric meters; and

(C) interpret music symbols and terms referring to dynamics, tempo, and articulation during solo and ensemble performances.

(4) Creative expression/performance.

The student creates and arranges music within specified guidelines.

The student is expected to:

(A) create a variety of musical phrases; and

(B) arrange a variety of musical phrases.

(5) Historical/cultural heritage.

The student relates music to history, to society, and to culture.

The student is expected to:

(A) listen to and classify music by style and/or by historical period;

(B) identify and describe the uses of music in society and culture;

(C) identify music-related vocations and avocations within the community; and

(D) define the relationships between the content, the concepts, and the processes of the other fine arts, other subjects, and those of music.

(6) Response/evaluation.

The student responds to and evaluates music and musical performance.

The student is expected to:

(A) design and apply criteria for making informed judgments regarding the quality and effectiveness of musical performances;

(B) evaluate musical performances by comparing them to exemplary models; and

(C) practice informed concert behavior during live performances in a variety of settings.